Resistant Materials

Design & Technology

KS3

Curriculum Details

Year 7

Content

Homework

Parent / Carer Support

Introduction to Design & Technology

How to be safe in the design and technology classroom.

    Health and safety rules in the classroom.
    Ask students how they ensure they are safe in the design and technology classroom.

Baseline assessment.
(Making
an acrylic keyring)

How to use basic tools and machines correctly and safely. How to mark out and measure accurately. How to use tools to cut, shape and smooth acrylic.

    Name and explain the basic tools and equipment.
    Talk to them regarding the process of cutting shaping and smoothing their acrylic keyring.

An introduction to materials
(Making coasters and a coaster holder)

About natural woods, manufactured boards and plastics including their sub families and their characteristics.
Further developing practical skills and understanding of working with tools and materials.

    Researching hardwood, softwood, manufactured board, thermoplastics and thermoset plastics.
    Completing worksheets and tasks as set by the class teacher.
    Encourage them to be aware of products in the home, find out what materials are used for certain products and investigate why that material has been used (the properties).

Presenting design ideas from 2D to 3D (Sketching and drawing in 2D & 3D)

How to convert 2D geometric shapes to 3D.
How to sketch/ draw in oblique, isometric and 1pt perspective. (3D).
The purpose of 2D and 3D when presenting designs to others.

    Draw a product in oblique or isometric.
    Draw a room or street scene in 1pt perspective.
    Completing worksheets and tasks as set by the class teacher.
    Encourage them to practise their sketching and drawing skills, and to show you the techniques they have learnt in class.

The design process.
(Making
a vacuum formed clock)

Understanding the stages of the design process, the importance of each stage and how they link together.
Develop a further understanding of plastics and their properties. Learning about different manufacturing techniques and processes.

    Research existing products.
    Researching different plastic forming processes with examples of products. Homework project: Research a particular product such as mobile phones, personal music players, bicycles, computers etc. Investigate how they have developed over the years and think about how the design process has been used in the development.
    Discuss what they are doing in lessons to produce their vacuum formed clocks, what is going well/not so well in the manufacture? Get them to think about what they are doing and how they are doing it, could they change the process? Would it improve the final outcome?(The final task in the clock project is an extended piece of critical writing where they will need to discuss all of these things.)

Electronics
(Making an electronic product)

Learning about inputs, processes and outputs.
The identification of electronic components.Electronic manufacturing processes including soldering.

    Soldering storyboard (step by step guide)
    Worksheets and tasks as set by the class teacher.
    Encourage them to be enquirers and investigate how things work.

Study Guides, Resources & Extra Support

    Technology Student. Primarily a GCSE website however the content is fantastic for consolidating learning in class and helping with homework. http://www.technologystudent.com/BBC Bitesize. A great website with resources on many topic areas including videos which can help with homework. http://www.bbc.co.uk/education/subjects/zfr9wmn Scroll down to select Resistant Materials, Graphics, Product Design, Electronics and Systems and Control for relevant content.
    Key Stage 3 catch up and homework support for any students who may be struggling with their work, or the quality of their work is not meeting expectations. These sessions are also open as a drop in to any student who may need support in completing homework. Monday lunch (12.20 - 12.40) with Mrs S. Juniper.OrBy prior arrangement with their class teacher. in room T8

Year 8

Content

Homework

Parent / Carer Support

Materials 2

A further understanding of woods and plastic.An introduction to metals: ferrous,non-ferrous and alloys.An introduction to composite, smart and modern materials.

    What would happen if?Investigating products and the materials they are made with.Looking at material properties.Completing worksheets and tasks as set by the class teacher.
    Encourage them to be aware of products in the home, find out what materials are used for certain products and investigate why that material has been used (the properties).
    Ask them what would happen if a product was manufactured with a different material.

Manufacturing processes

(Making a jointed toy)

Scales of production including one off,batch and mass.Assembly methods.Product disassembly and analysis.How to manufacture wooden products.

    Skills worksheets on the processes we use in school.Completing worksheets and tasks as set by the class teacher.
    Look at products which are used in your everyday lives and get them to think about the ways in which they have been manufactured. Think about the tools, equipment and processes which are involved.

Presenting design ideas 2 from 2D to 3D (Sketching and drawing in 2D and 3D).

Developing 3D drawing skills, drawing curves in isometric, 2 point perspective.Technical drawing skills, including 3rd angle orthographic projection.Understanding the appropriate use and differences of sketches and drawings in both 2D and 3D

    What good looks like! Analyse 2 design ideas and decide whether/ how they fully communicate the design.
    Completing worksheets and tasks as set by the class teacher.
    Encourage them to practise their sketching and drawing skills, and to show you the techniques they have learnt in class.

Systems and Control (Making a mechanical toy)

Motion and mechanisms.
Integrating mechanisms into products.

    Research a product and investigate the types of motion it has and mechanisms it may use.Completing worksheets and tasks as set by the class teacher.
    Ensure they are able to explain to you the four types of motion � rotary, linear, reciprocating and oscillating.
    Ask them about how we can transfer one type of motion to another

Sustainability

Learn what is meant by sustainability.Understand why and how products have an impact on the environment. Learn about the six R's : Recycle, Rethink, Refuse, Recycle, Reuse, Repair.

    Homework Project: research a given product and its impact on the environment at each stage of the product's life cycle. Design a more environmentally friendly version of that product.Analyse packaging at home and look for the symbols which relate to sustainability. Examine a mobile phone.
    Encourage them to be aware of the packaging they are using and throwing away. Could it be recycled or reused?Look at products and investigate whether they have been designed tobe repaired or just thrown away. Why and how have they been designed in this way?

Study Guides, Resources & Extra Support

Year 9

Content

Homework

Parent / Carer Support

Joining materials

Resistant materials focus for options

(Storage)

Methods of joining materials - temporary and permanent fixings, wood joints, adhesives. The purpose and methods of using surface finishes.

    Research on wood joints.Research on surface finishes.Completing worksheets and tasks as set by the class teacher.
    Ask them about the methods of joining woods, investigate with them the pros and cons of using certain methods for certain purposes (strength, durability, portability etc).
    Take a look at a wooden product you have in the home, why has it been manufactured in the way it has?

Computer aided
design and manufacture

Graphics focus for options

(Leisure centre)

About CAD / CAM and its purpose in design and technology.Design influences: social and cultural issues.How to use CAD programmes such as SketchUp and 2Ddesign.

    Leisure centre mood board. 2D floor plans of the design. Completing worksheets and tasks as set by the class teacher.
    If you are able to, download SketchUp and get your child to teach you how to use it.
    Together create drawings of products you have in the home and maybe design your own.

Materials and processes 3

Metals

A further understanding
of metals.
About manufacturing methods for metals. (joining, casting and forming).

    Worksheets and questions on the manufacturing methods of metals. Analysis of products with a focus on design for manufacture.
    Help them to be aware of the metal around them, look at engineering structures when you are out and about, think about the ways in which cars or products that interest them have been manufactured.

Presenting design ideas 3
(Developing drawing skills in 3D)

How to draw more complex / organic shapes in isometric. About exploded views and how to draw them.

    Research the meaning of 'biomimicry' and how this can aid creativity in design. Completing worksheets and tasks as set by the class teacher.
    Get them to explain what an exploded view is and how/why they are used in the design process.

Computer aided design in systems and control

Product analysis of electronic products. Disassembly of electronic products.Designing circuits using the CAD programme Live Wire.Computer and mathematical modelling of the circuits using Live Wire.

    Creating a storyboard of how to create a simple circuit.Completing worksheets and tasks as set by the class teacher.
    Get them to explain to you the purpose of using CAD when designing products.

Sustainability and design influences (design periods through history)

How to undertake the design process from start to finish.About sustainable products and how to design them. About design periods through history and how they influence the design of the products we use today. This project consolidates most of the learning our students have done in the last 3 years in order for them to design and make their own product.

    Homework project: research design periods through history (e.g. Art Deco, Bauhaus) and design a product in the style of a chosen design period.
    Ask them about the work they are undertaking and how the product they are designing fit in with the design period or designer they have chosen.
    Help them to come up with innovative ideas which are a little bit different.
    Get them to think about the manufacturing processes that they could use

Study Guides, Resources & Extra Support

0115 938 7000

The Kimberley School

Newdigate St | Kimberley | Nottinghamshire | NG16 2NJ

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